Red-vented Bulbul

Conservation status

Least Concern

Population Trend


Alternate Names


Native Habitat

Woodland, Town


Insects, Fruits


Red-vented Bulbul

Pycnonotus cafer

The Red-vented Bulbul is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Burma and southwestern China. It has been introduced and has established itself in the wild in many Pacific islands including Fiji, Samoa, Tonga, and Hawaii. It has also established itself in parts of Dubai, the United Arab Emirates and New Zealand.

The Red-vented Bulbul is easily identified by its short crest giving the head a squarish appearance. The body is dark brown with a scaly pattern while the head is darker or black. The rump is white while the vent is red. The black tail is tipped in white.

Male and female are similar in plumage, but young birds are duller than adults. The typical call has been transcribed as ginger beer but a number of pit like single note calls are also produced. Their alarm calls are usually responded to by many other species of bird.

Regional Names
  • Assamese:
  • Bengali:
    বাংলা বুলবুল, লালপুচ্ছ বুলবুলি, কালচে বুলবুলি
  • French:
    Bulbul à ventre rouge
  • Gujarati:
    હડીયો બુલબુલ
  • Hindi:
    कालासिर बुलबुल, गुल्दुम
  • Malayalam:
  • Marathi:
    लालबुड्या बुलबुल, फेसा, कुंचीवाला बुलबुल, पेचडुक
  • Nepali:
  • Punjabi:
    ਲਾਲ ਪੂੰਝੀ ਬੁਲਬੁਲ
  • Sanskrit:
    कृष्णचूड गोवत्सक
  • Tamil:
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Pycnonotus cafer