Pied Bushchat

Conservation status

Least Concern

Population Trend


Alternate Names


Native Habitat





Pied Bushchat

Saxicola caprata

The Pied Bushchat is a small passerine bird found ranging from West and Central Asia to South and Southeast Asia. About sixteen subspecies are recognized through its wide range with many island forms. It is a familiar bird of countryside and open scrub or grassland where it is found perched at the top of short thorn trees or other shrubs, looking out for insect prey. They pick up insects mainly from the ground, and were, like other chats, placed in the thrush family.

They nest in cavities in stone walls or in holes in an embankment, lining the nest with grass and animal hair. The males are black with white shoulder and vent patches whose extent varies among populations. Females are predominantly brownish while juveniles are speckled.

The Pied Bushchat is slightly smaller than the Siberian Stonechat; although it has a similar dumpy structure and upright stance. The male is black except for a white rump, wing patch and lower belly. The iris is dark brown, the bill and legs black. The female is drab brown and slightly streaked. Juveniles have a scaly appearance on the underside but dark above like the females.

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    পাকড়া ঝাড়ফিদ্দা
  • Gujarati:
    કાબરો પીદ્દો, શામો પીદ્દો
  • Hindi:
    काला पिद्दा
  • Malayalam:
  • Marathi:
    कवडा गप्पीदास, कवड्या वटवट्या
  • Nepali:
    काले झ्याप्सी
  • Punjabi:
    ਕਾਲੀ ਗਾਲ੍ਹੜੀ
  • Sanskrit:
    कृष्णपीत स्थूलचंचू
  • Tamil:
Media Gallery

Saxicola caprata