Malabar Pied Hornbill

Conservation status

Near Threatened

Population Trend


Alternate Names


Native Habitat



Figs, Fish, Small Mammals


Malabar Pied Hornbill

Anthracoceros coronatus

The Malabar Pied Hornbill is species of hornbill which are a family of tropical near-passerine birds. The Malabar Pied Hornbill is a common resident breeder in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Borneo. Its habitat is open woodland and cultivation, often close to habitation.

During incubation, the female lays two or three white eggs in a tree hole, which is blocked off with a cement made of mud, droppings and fruit pulp. There is only one narrow aperture, just big enough for the male to transfer food to the mother and the chicks.

When the chicks and the female are too big to fit in the nest, the mother breaks out and rebuilds the wall, then both parents feed the chicks.

The Malabar Pied Hornbill is a large hornbill, at 65 cm in length. It has mainly black plumage apart from its white belly, throat patch, tail sides and trailing edge to the wings. The bill is yellow with a large, mainly black casque. Male and female are similar, but immatures have a smaller casque. This species is omnivorous, taking fruit, fish and small mammals. Figs form an important part of their diet.

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    মালাবার দাগযুক্ত ধনেশ
  • Hindi:
    मालाबारी धब्बेदार धनेश
  • Kannada:
    ಮಲೆ ದಾಸಮಂಗಟ್ಟೆ
  • Malayalam:
    പാണ്ടൻ വേഴാമ്പൽ
  • Marathi:
    मलबारचा कवड्या धनेश
  • Tamil:
    மலபார் வெள்ளை கறுப்பு இருவாச்சி
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Anthracoceros coronatus