Helmeted Guineafowl

Conservation status

Least Concern

Population Trend


Alternate Names


Native Habitat



Seeds, fruits, snails, spiders, worms, insects, frogs, lizards


Helmeted Guineafowl

Numida meleagris

The Helmeted Guineafowl breeds in Africa, mainly south of the Sahara, and has been widely introduced into the West Indies, Brazil, Australia and southern France.

The Helmeted Guineafowl is a large 60 cm bird with a round body and small head. They weigh about 1.5 kg. The body plumage is gray-black spangled with white. Like other guineafowl, this species has an unfeathered head, in this case decorated with a dull yellow or reddish bony knob, and red and blue patches of skin. The wings are short and rounded, and the tail is also short. Various sub-species are proposed, differences in appearance being mostly a large variation in shape, size and colour of the casque and facial wattles.

Regional Names
  • French:
    Pintade de Numidie
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Numida meleagris

Quick Facts
  • This is domesticated species