Great Tit

Conservation status

Least Concern

Population Trend


Alternate Names

Cinereous Tit, Grey Tit

Native Habitat



Insects, Larvae, Seeds


Great Tit

Parus major

The Great Tit is a passerine bird. It is a widespread and common species throughout Europe, the Middle East, Central and Northern Asia, and parts of North Africa in any sort of woodland. It is generally resident, and most Great Tits do not migrate except in extremely harsh winters.

The Great Tit is a distinctive bird, with a black head and neck, prominent white cheeks, olive upperparts and yellow underparts, with some variation amongst the numerous subspecies. It is predominantly insectivorous in the summer, but will consume a wider range of food items in the winter months. Like all tits it is a cavity nester, usually nesting in a hole in a tree. The female lays around 12 eggs and incubates them alone, although both parents raise the chicks. In most years the pair will raise two broods. The nests may be raided by woodpeckers, squirrels and weasels and infested with fleas, and adults may be hunted by Sparrowhawks.

The Great Tit has adapted well to human changes in the environment and is a common and familiar bird in urban parks and gardens.

Regional Names
  • Assamese:
  • Bengali:
    বড় তিত
  • Gujarati:
    રાખોડી રામચકલી, રામચકલી
  • Hindi:
  • Marathi:
    बल्गुली, टोपीवाला, राखी रामगंगारा
  • Nepali:
  • Sanskrit:
    सट्वा, भस्म बल्गुली
  • Tamil:
    சாம்பற் சிட்டு
Media Gallery

Parus major