Great Indian Bustard

Conservation status

Critically Endangered

Population Trend


Alternate Names

Indian Bustard

Native Habitat

Grassland, Scrubland


Beetles, Insects, Grass Seeds, Berries, Lizards


Great Indian Bustard

Ardeotis nigriceps

The great Indian bustard is a bustard found in India and the adjoining regions of Pakistan. A large bird with a horizontal body and long bare legs giving it an ostrich like appearance, this bird is among the heaviest of the flying birds. It is unmistakable with its black cap contrasting with the pale head and neck. The body is brownish with a black patch spotted in white. The male is deep sandy buff coloured and during the breeding season has a black breast band. The crown of the head is black and crested and is puffed up by displaying males. In the female which is smaller than the male, the head and neck are not pure white and the breast band is either rudimentary, broken or absent.

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    গ্রেট ইন্ডিয়ান বাস্টার্ড
  • Gujarati:
  • Hindi:
    गोडावण, सोहन, हुक्ना
  • Malayalam:
    ഇന്ത്യൻ ബസ്റ്റാർഡ് പക്ഷി
  • Marathi:
    माळढोक, भारतीय सारंग
  • Tamil:
  • Telugu:
    బట్టమేక పిట్ట
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Ardeotis nigriceps

Quick Facts
  • It is a state bird of Rajasthan.
  • It is the heaviest bird to fly in India.