Black-necked Crane

Conservation status

Near Threatened

Population Trend


Alternate Names


Native Habitat



Roots, Tubers, Insects, Snails, Shrimps, Fish, Small birds, Rodents


Black-necked Crane

Grus nigricollis

The black-necked crane is a medium-sized crane in Asia that breeds on the Tibetan Plateau and winters mainly in remote parts of India and Bhutan. It is 55 in long with a 7.8 ft wingspan, and it weighs 5.5 kg. It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar. Some populations are known to make seasonal movements. It is revered in Buddhist traditions and culturally protected across much of its range. A festival in Bhutan celebrates the bird.

Regional Names
  • Bengali:
    কালোঘাড় সারস
  • Bhojpuri:
    करिया क्रौंच
  • Hindi:
    श्याम कण्ठी सारस
  • Nepali:
    कालीकण्ठे सारस
  • Tamil:
    கருப்புக் கழுத்துக் கொக்கு
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Grus nigricollis

Quick Facts
  • It is a state bird of Ladakh.